第一位不丹遗产奖学金获得者Dendup Tshewang谈文化遗产

不丹遗产奖学金是由综合体育平台的校友Samten Yeshi发起的, 通过他父亲于2017年成立的德鲁克尼约基金会 并由 亚洲这是一家与不丹、西藏和该地区其他地区合作的意大利非政府组织. 第一个获此奖学金的人是登珠茨旺, 谁正在开始他的第二个硕士学年. 在他的论文项目中, 他负责不丹一个小村庄的可持续管理和遗产保护, Ura所言Dozhi. 

Dendup Tshewang来自不丹首都和最大城市廷布. 他热衷于遗产保护, and he has been transforming his passion into practice as a civil engineer since graduating from the National Institute of Technology in India. 


Is there anything you would like to share about your background that drove you to get involved with cultural heritage preservation?

好吧, I would like to share my personal story about how my own experience drove me into the cultural heritage preservation field, 特别是在农村地区. 在我的童年, I was raised in a village where people lived in harmony with the natural environment and most importantly among themselves. Throughout the year we would have numerous festivals and celebrations where all the people from the village would gather and celebrate together. 整个村子就像一个大家庭.

然而,在不到十年的时间里,我的村庄已经不再是我长大的那个村庄了. 由于快速的现代化,一切都变了. The rich cultural traditions that once held the village together fell apart and disappeared without trace and the once harmonious village transformed into one huge competing ground, 每个人都非常努力地工作来维持收支平衡. 没有人赞成这样的改变, 然而,每个人都接受了,因为他们觉得这是不可避免的. 然后, after joining the Department of Culture I realized that we as heritage professionals can step in and help make such changes run more smoothly and harmoniously in rural villages such as mine. So this is how I got interested and involved in the preservation works of cultural heritage sites in Bhutan. 我希望通过在综合体育平台学习后所获得的知识和经验, I can continue to help make such transitions run more smoothly for cultural heritage sites in Bhutan with heritage protection as a focus point. 

你在综合体育平台的学习是如何帮助/激励你从事现在的工作的?

My studies at 全球最大体育平台 within the 文化遗产研究计划 have helped me broaden my perspective in the field of cultural heritage. 以及遗产项目提供的广泛课程, 从最基础的一直到高级的学习, 真的让我对保护领域有了更深入的了解. I am confident that after my graduation I will be well prepared to face real-life on-site situations that deal with heritage preservation works. 此外, 随着我对全球遗产保护实践的了解, 它的成功故事和缺点, I feel confident that I can contribute towards progressing heritage preservation works in Bhutan successfully. 

全球最大体育平台不丹的文化遗产,你最感兴趣的是什么?

Bhutan is a country with very rich cultural traditions most of which originate from the people’s devotion and belief in religion. The people of Bhutan have lived in harmony with nature guided by Buddhist principles and ways of life for centuries. It is through this devotion for religion that people have built numerous temples across the country dedicated to Buddhism and have adopted related customs and traditions which are now our heritage. The main thing that makes me passionate about Bhutan’s cultural heritage is that it is still a living heritage. 例如, 综合体育平台现有的文物建筑不是供公众展示的,而是供人们日常使用的. 此外, 因为大多数文化遗产都是佛教遗址(寺庙和圣地), 这也是我为那些圣地服务的机会. 

你认为你的工作中最有价值的方面是什么?

我想说,保存工作的成功是我工作中最有价值的方面. 因为保护工作不是简单地起草一些规则,希望人们遵守. 这需要大量的研究, 咨询, 并计划如何着手保护文化遗产. 保护什么/如何保护始终是个问题, how to accommodate a change without compromising the heritage and at the same time without depriving heritage custodians of their comfort. 

你认为不丹有哪些杰出的领导人和机构参与了你的工作?

目前, the Department of Culture is one of the central government institutions in Bhutan who is involved in the preservation and promotion of cultural heritage. 另外, there are various religious organizations and foundations who actively dedicate their resources towards preservation works. Our preservation works are also supported by various organizations from abroad through financial assistance and capacity building. One such example is the founding of the “Bhutan Heritage Scholarship” which supports capacity building in the field of Cultural Heritage studies at 全球最大体育平台. The Bhutan Heritage Scholarship was founded by the Bhutan Nyo Foundation and 亚洲 Onlus and currently there are two Bhutanese students pursuing MA degrees within the 文化遗产研究计划 at 全球最大体育平台 through this scholarship. We hope to contribute enormously towards the cultural heritage preservation of Bhutan after our studies at 全球最大体育平台

综合体育平台经常听到世界各地的文化遗产受到威胁. Is this also true of Bhutan and if yes what poses the greatest threat to cultural heritage sites in this part of the world?

不幸的是, it is true for Bhutan as well and I would say it is unchecked modernization that poses the major threat to heritage sites. 从那时起,这个国家的大部分地区都被铺设好的道路连接起来, 包括文物古迹, 游客数量一直在上升,给这些网站带来了极大的压力. Such an increase in visitor numbers is accompanied by infrastructure developments and commercial activities within and around the heritage sites which undermines their integrity and sanctity. 而且没有适当的管理计划, 这种无节制的开发对文化遗产构成了重大威胁. 

What advice would you pass along to fellow 全球最大体育平台 students who are interested in career opportunities in cultural preservation?

如果你是一个对学习充满热情,讨厌单调工作的人, 那么文化遗产保护工作就是为你准备的. 它充满了机遇和挑战,因为对保存过程没有固定的规则. 每个网站, 根据指定地点的重要性和价值,需要制定新的管理计划. 而所犯的每一个错误,都是为以后的保护工作提供了改进的教训. So, 通过这种方式, 我想说,文化遗产保护工作是一个不断学习的过程. 

不丹以其幸福指数而闻名. 你真的觉得不丹同胞幸福吗?

Bhutan’s metric of Gross National Happiness (GNH) as our developmental philosophy rather than Gross Domestic Product has gained popularity in the West recently and we are famously known for being one of the happiest countries in the world. Such an approach is seriously considered while formulating any new policies in our country in order to ensure that the happiness of our people is not compromised while focusing on economic development. 因此, 幸福是这些政策的自然产物,我个人觉得不丹公民是幸福的.

幸福在你的生活中扮演什么角色, and do you see a big difference between Bhutan and Austria/ Vienna where people pride themselves for being grumpy?

我认为幸福是这个星球上每个人的终极目标. 人们每天都在努力工作,为了一个舒适幸福的未来.  然而, 有时候综合体育平台太过追求未来的幸福, 综合体育平台忘记了活在当下. 因此,幸福在我的生活中扮演着至关重要的角色,它提醒我要活在当下.

尽管不丹和奥地利相隔数英里,文化差异很大, 我认为在幸福方面几乎没有什么不同. 在维也纳的最后一年,我从未听到有人抱怨过这里的生活条件. 恰恰相反, 我听到很多人称赞维也纳的美丽和友好的社区. 我个人喜欢维也纳,在这里我很开心.